the later part of the nineteenth century. 16 As Hindi separated from Hindustani to create a distinct spiritual identity, Urdu was employed to create a definitive Islamic identity for the Muslim population in India. Politics and trending topics. Archived from the original on Retrieved "Hindi and Urdu are classified as literary registers of the same language". (PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles). "Oxford Urdu-English Dictionary ". 37 (p18) From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century Urdu was commonly known as Hindi.(p1) The language was also known by various other names such as Hindavi and Dehlavi.(pp2122) Hindustani in Persian script was used by Muslims and Hindus, but was. Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from regional languages, thus allowing speakers of the language in Pakistan to distinguish themselves more easily and giving the language a decidedly Pakistani flavour. Apollo 13 's Fred Haise, for example, had to deal with a painful kidney infection during the dangerous mission that gave us the phrase "Houston, we have a problem and one-time astronaut Jake Garn, a Utah senator, got so motion-sick during a 1985.
Shakespear, John (1834 A dictionary, Hindustani and English, Black, Kingsbury, Parbury and Allen, archived from the original on Fallon,. Lincolnwood, IL: NTC Pimsleur,. Urdu Evolution and Reforms. Retrieved Faruqi, Shamsur Rahman (2003 Sheldon Pollock,., A Long History of Urdu Literary Culture Part 1, Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions From South Asia, University of California Press,. . Retrieved First Encyclopaedia of Islam. Pakistan Annual Research Journal.